Federal Express... "the World on time"...
24 hours a day!
this example serves to show the importance
of getting the lowest possible neutron background and of assembling the core with the maximum velocity…
When I first saw it, I assumed that Peter Sellers’ scientist character (he also plays
two other roles including the President of The United States) in the movie Dr.Strange love, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying
and love the Bomb was based in the German rocket scientist Werner von Braun. (The reflexive salute was the main reason for
making that connection.) Teller it is, though. He has lived with the comparison ever since, and remains notoriously touchy
about the subject of the Sellers role.
Example for the effects of a nuclear explosion:
The high speed photography series of a test house (below) shows a wood-frame house exposed to a nuclear
blast at the Nevada Test Site. The test was Upshot-Knothole Annie, a 16 Kt tower shot, on 17 March 1953. The house is 1100
meters from ground zero. The blast over pressure was 5 psi, and the blast wave created surface winds of 160 mph.
Original wood house
Moment of explosion: House is illuminated by the fireball
1 sec. after detonation, the thermal pulse has essentially ended
Flash burned house 1.75 sec. after detonation, a short moment before blast wave arrival
The blast wave arrives and the house is teared to shreds
Explosion of Annie: It was a weapon related testshot of 16 Kt.
Dr. Strangelove is a 1964 movie that was produced and
directed by Stanley Kubrick. It is a black comedy whose story line is remarkably close to the much more serious movie Fail-Safe.
Dr. Strangelove is based on the serious novel Red Alert by Peter George. Kubrick decided to turn the story
into a comedy.
Peter Sellers plays three people in this film. He's Group Captain
Lionel Mandrake, President Merkin Muffley and German born scientist Dr. Strangelove.
The story shows the absurdities of the nuclear arms race and officials
of both The United States and The Soviet Union are presented almost as comic caricatures of highly placed government bureaucrats.
The story opens with Jack D. Ripper (Sterling Hayden), Commanding
General of Burpelson Air Force Base ordering his B52 bombers, which are at their fail safe points, to attack the Soviet Union.
He then orders his base sealed off and all outside communications cut off.
Meanwhile, on board the B52 Leper Colony, Major Kong (Slim
Pickens) is reading Playboy and napping when he's informed by the radio operator that they'd just gotten a message
of their CRM-114 receiver that decoded as Wing Attack Plan R. At first the Major doesn't believe it but soon verifies the
One person to look for in the airplane scenes is James Earl Jones
in his first movie role. He plays Lieutenant Luthar Zogg, the bombardier.
President Merkin Muffley meets with generals and other government
officials in the War Room. One of the more interesting characters in the movie is Air Force General Buck Turgidson (George
C. Scott). He admits to the president that, while there seems to be a slight flaw in Plan R, the plan itself is basically
sound. He continues to defend the policies and procedures of the armed forces even while the planes are on their way toward
the Soviet Union. He advises the president to send in even more planes since there doesn't seem to be any way of recalling
the first group.
The president orders the army to attack Burpelson Air Force Base and
to get General Ripper to call him. Since the base is on Condition Red, it is defended by security personnel against any and
all attempts by any unit to gain entry to the base. General Ripper himself pulls a machine gun out of a golf bag and orders
Group Captain Mandrake to help him repel the army attack. Mandrake, meanwhile, tries to get Ripper to tell him the recall
code for the bombers but Ripper refuses.
The president, while talking to the Soviet Premier, discovers that
the Russians have built a doomsday machine that will automatically trigger itself in the case of nuclear attack, spreading
Cobalt Thorium G around the world, killing all plant and animal life. The Soviet Ambassador explains that they built it because
they'd read in The New York Times that the U.S. was working on one and they were afraid of a doomsday gap. The president
assured him that it wasn't true.
The army took over Burpelson Air Force Base. Mandrake has figured
out what the recall code is and he contacts the president ant the Pentagon he and his generals have been trying to help the
Soviets shoot down the bombers. The recall prefix is OPE, a variation of Purity of Essence that General Ripper was so worried
about. He felt that the communists were sapping the precious bodily fluids of everyone in the country through the fluoridation
The recall code works for all the bombers except the Leper Colony.
A missile exploded near the plane, causing the CRM-114 to self-destruct. Since the officials know where it's going, they assume
they can knock it down. They don't know that the plane is losing fuel and has to divert to the nearest target of opportunity.
Naturally, they get through and drop a nuclear bomb.
Dr. Strangelove suggests a plan where they could preserve the human
race by building a community of a few hundred thousand people in a space created in one of our deepest mine shafts where they
would have to live for 100 years. General Turgidson, still worried about the Russians, suggests that they can't allow a mine
Hey...! we're here to help you!
Trinity - the first atomic explosion in the world
Trinity, (code name for Jornada del Muerto, south New Mexico), 16th of july, 1945. The
time is 05:29 h 40 sec am. In the control center, 900 meters away from the tower that carries the trinity bomb, Sam Allison
is counting: 5 - 4 - 3 - 2 - 1 -
ZERO - it was only a cry - then there was this silence, that
seem to last an infinity. And in this millionth second of silence, you only heard the love whisper of the toads of Trinity...
Then a gleaming light flashed across the darkness, a flaming lightning shoots up into
the sky and turned to a blinding bell of fire. It was exactly 5:29:45. For a split of a second, the light of this fireball
was brighter than all suns; the temperature in its center was 10.000 times higher than the sun surface. The pressure, that
acted on the ground was more than 100 billion atmospheres, the strongest pressure ever generated on earth.
Within a millionth second the fireball catched the earth; after 25 milliseconds is was
as large as the Washington Monument, and after 8 tenth of a second, the white gleaming ball attained the high of the Empire
The power of 20.000 tons TNT got free in this moment. At an altitude of 200 meters, the
foaming ball that was still shooting up into the atmosphere turned into red-yellow, than blood-red color. At an altitude of
4.500 meters, the fireball broke through the cloud cover - first orange-red, then in a darker getting pink color. A few seconds
later, it attained an final altitude of 12.000 meters and started to flow into a giantic ring of grey ash. The surrounding
air was ionzed and crowned the ring with the shine of a crimson halo. As the cloud finally got some peace, the smoke pillar
was driven to the north and a pink glow colored the sky over Trinity.
The 30 meter high steel tower, on which top platform the Trinity-bomb was located
The Trinity-bomb is getting lifted up onto the tower (14th of July)
Explosion 0.034 sec. after ignition
Explosion 2.0 sec. after ignition
5.0 sec. after ignition
15.0 sec. after ignition
Great color picture of the explosion
make OUR day!
The Ivy Test Series: First thermonuclear explosion on the Enewetok Atoll 1952
The test series conducted to demonstrate high yield weapon designs.
Ivy Mike detonated on 10/31/1952. It was a 10.4 Megatons two stage thermonuclear surface burst, the
first H-Bomb that was ever tested. Test area was the island of Elugelab/Flora on the Eniwetok atoll, Marshall islands. The
explosion caused a crater, 6240 feet across (= 1.5 kilometers) and 164 feet deep (=53 meters), Elugelab/Flora was destroyed
by the test.
Ivy Mike before the detonation: The weight of this bomb was 65 tons and it had to be
constantly cooled down on a very low temperature.
Explosion of Ivy Mike
View of Elugelab before and after the explosion
what you said?
no smoking in here,boy???
Gallery of NuclearWeapons
If the glare of thousand suns
Would suddenly break through the sky,
This would be equal to the splendour of the Almighty.
I am the dead,
Destroyer of the world.
UPS ...synchronizing the
world of commerce
In memory of the victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hiroshima, 6th of august 1945, 09:15 h am: Tom Feerebee in the aircraft "Enola Gay" drops the bomb
"Little Boy". It detonates after 45 seconds 600 meters above the town. For more than 6 hours, Hiroshima is in flames. More
than 98.000 humans die.
Nagasaki, 9th of august 1945, 12:01 h am: "Book's Car" falls 9000 meters on Nagasaki. Approximate 100.000
Japanese are killed or multilated in the firestorm. The bomb strikes a crater of one and a half square kilometers into the
town, exterminates factorys, temples and houses with an explosion-wave of never before seen violence. Still after 12 hours,
Nagasaki is a sea of flames, enveloped in sharp smoke, that rises slowly above the town.
On the 2nd of september 1945, Japan capitulates.
If in Germany, the 2nd World War would have lasted 3 month longer, these bombs would have been determined
for Hamburg or Berlin.
The nuclear age has started with dead and ruin; for many survivals of the attacs from Hiroshima and
Nagasaki it meant a painful infirmity...
Hiroshima-victim after the detonation of the first atom bomb
Little Boy, 15Kt
Fat Man, 21 Kt
Wav Sound Files (11KHz)
(click on red link to download)
|General Ripper: "Has the wing confirmed holding at their fail safe points?" |
Captain Mandrake: "Yes, sir. The confirmations have all
just come in." (62K)
General Ripper: "It looks like we're in a shooting war."
Captain Mandrake: "Oh, hell." (46K)
Major Kong: "Well, boys, I reckon this is it. Nuclear combat toe-to-toe with the Russkies" (76K)
President Muffley: "Gentlemen, you can't fight in here. This is the war room." (31K)
President Muffley: "He went and did a silly thing. Well, I'll tell you what he did. He ordered his planes to attack your country." (123K)
Soviet Ambassador: "The doomsday machine."
President Muffley: "The doom....The doomsday machine? What is that?"
"A device which will destroy all human and animal life on earth." (108K)
Radar Operator: "DSO to Captain. I have an unidentified radar blip." (42K)
Radar Operator: "Confirmed. Definite missile track. Commence evasive action right." (49K)
Colonel Guano: "What kind of suit do you call that, fella?"
Captain Mandrake: "What do you mean 'suit'? This happens to be an RAF
uniform, sir." (75K)
Major Kong: "At this height, why they might harpoon us but they dang sure ain't going to spot us on no radar screen." (61K)
Colonel Guano: "I think you're some kind of deviated prevert. I think General Ripper found out about your preversions and that you were
organizing some kind of mutiny of preverts. Now move. (101K)
President Muffley: "Dimitri, I'm sorry they're jamming your radar and flying so low but they're trained to do it. You know, it....it....it's
Navigator: "Navigator to Captain. Approaching target at distance one-zero miles. Switch from green grid to target orange." (114K)
Major Kong: "Stay on the bomb run, boys. I'm going to get them doors open if it hare lips everybody on Bear Creek." (60K)
Video Clip (wmv)
Click here to download a video clip from this movie. (1,165K)
click here to view the script for this movie.
Atomic Bomb Cloud
On August 9, 1945, the American B-29 bomber, Bock's Car left Tinian carrying Fat Man, a plutonium implosion-type
bomb. The primary target was the Kokura Arsenal, but upon reaching the target, they found that it was covered by a heavy ground
haze and smoke, pilot Charles Sweeney turned to the secondary target of the Mitsubishi Torpedo Plant at Nagasaki.
the 286,00 people living in Nagasaki at the time of the blast, 74,000 were killed and another 75,000 sustained severe injuries.